Homecheck landlord rental property Electrical Safety services
Electrical Safety Legislation
The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations
1994 The Plugs & Sockets etc (Safety) Regulations 1994
Consumer Protection Act 1987
Low Voltage Electrical Equipment Regulations 1989
These regulations define a landlord as a supplier of electrical equipment such as plugs, sockets, adaptors, fuses, appliances, etc intended for domestic use.
The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994
Electrical supply and appliances within a property must be ‘safe’.
In order to comply and landlord must ensure that all electrical equipment in his property is safe, which includes minimizing the risk of injury as well as death.
It must therefore comply with the Consumer Protection Act 1987 but must also comply with the above regulations.
All electrical appliances must be checked at regular intervals for defects (e.g. frayed wiring, badly fitted plugs etc.).
Any unsafe items should be removed from the property prior to offering it for rent.
The Landlord Must;
Ensure there are written instructions for all electrical equipment in the property.
A safety check should be carried out by a qualified electrician (NIC), preferably annually or when the tenancy changes. We advise annually.
Provide the agent and tenant with written proof of the safety check prior to the tenancy commencing and copies retained and provided for inspection if required.
The Plugs & Sockets (Safety) Regulations 1994 (Consumer Protection Act 1987)
Any plug, socket or adapter supplied which is intended for domestic use, must comply with the appropriate current regulations, which require that there are no cracked/damaged sockets or plugs and frayed wiring. Any plugs must be sleeved to prevent shock
All socket outlets which may be used for equipment outdoors (e.g. a lawnmower) should be protected by a Residual Current Device (RCD)
A safety record provided by an electrician conversant with the appropriate safety standards
should be provided for all properties and such records renewed at 5 yearly intervals.
Portable Appliance Testing
Electrical appliances such as washing machines, fridge, freezers etc should be tested regularly to ensure they are not faulty and at risk of injuring your tenant or causing a fire and invalidating your property insurance.
There are a few safety measures landlords can take themselves:
- Keep supplied appliances to a minimum.
- Ensure that all fuses are of the correct type and rating.
- Make sure appliances supplied are complete and in working order – keep purchase receipts.
- Ensure that flexes are in good order and properly attached to appliances and plugs.
- Ensure that earth tags are in place.
- Ensure that plugs are of an approved type with sleeved live and neutral pins.
- Ensure that plugs and sockets conform to BS1363 or BS1363/A for heavy duty uses.
- Pay particular attention to second hand equipment – always have these items checked.
- Ensure that operating instructions and safety warning notices are supplied with the appliances.
- Make sure that tenants know the location of and have access to the main consumer unit, fuses and isolator switch.
Building Regulations – Part "P" Electrical Safety in Dwellings
The Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 puts the onus on Landlords to ensure the electrical installation in their property is safe when the tenancy begins, and that it is maintained in a safe condition throughout that tenancy. From 1st January 2005, all domestic electric installation work (particularly in kitchens and bathrooms) must be carried out by a Government “Approved” contractor. In addition, electrical contractors will have to verify the work complies with British Standard Safety Requirements (BS7671). Failure to comply with these regulations is a criminal offence and could result in fines of up to £5,000 and/or imprisonment.
Homecheck UK can arrange for a qualified electrician to inspect and certify your electrical installation and appliances